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真实纪录已经发生和正在发生的和朱令有关的事情

Archive for April, 2013

[2013-04-30] The poisoning of Zhu Ling: A 19-year-old cold case is under national spotlight again in China-

Posted by woodinwind on April 30, 2013

http://offbeatchina.com/the-poisoning-of-zhu-ling-a-19-year-old-cold-case-is-under-national-spotlight-again-in-china

The poisoning of Zhu Ling: A 19-year-old cold case is under national spotlight again in China

Alia | April 30th, 2013 – 12:36 am

The recent poisoning case at Shanghai’s Fudan University revived people’s memory of the thallium poisoning case of Zhu Ling 19 years ago. The roommate of the victim of the Fudan case already confessed to poisoning and said it was an April Fool’s joke. However, 19 years has passed and no one has yet been held accountable for Zhu Ling’s tragedy. While we’ve already covered how China’s education system and unique only-child culture have contributed to the Fudan case, Zhu’s case, in the eyes of many netizens, raises a bigger question about China.

Zhu Ling before being poisoned

In 1994, Zhu Ling was a sophomore in physical chemistry at Tsinghua University, one of China’s most prestigious higher education institutes. She was remembered to be a girl that was pretty, attractive, intelligent, and as a member of the university’s folk music club, talented in music. She was first poisoned by thallium at the end of 1994. But after a short period in the hospital, Zhu made it back to school. The following March, however, she was poisoned again with the same deadly chemical, presumably, in much larger quantity. That time, she wasn’t as lucky. 

Her doctors at the time ruled out the possibility of thallium poisoning because both Zhu herself and her university confirmed that she had neither access to nor contact with any thallium. Her middle school classmate Bei Zhicheng, who was then a student at Peking University, posted an SOS letter on a Usenet newsgroup. Pouring responses from around the world proposed that Zhu was suffering from thallium poisoning. The case was later recognized as China’s first telemedicine case.

Though Zhu was ultimately saved, she is now almost completely blind and permanently paralyzed with severe neurological damage to her brain. 

The suspect

Zhu’s roommate Sun Wei was the only suspect interrogated by Beijing police at the time. Detailed investigation results were refused to be released by authorities, even to Zhu’s parents. But information shared online, both then and now, showed that Sun was the only acquaintance of Zhu’s who had access to thallium from university lab. Zhu’s mugs, bottles and lunch boxes “mysteriously” disappeared after her roommates were informed that there would be an investigation. A series of hacked email communications between Sun and Zhu’s other roommates showed that Sun has guided them in how to defend her innocence. All  information points to Sun and the other 2 two girls, Jin Ya and Wang Qi, who were also under the same roof with Zhu when she was poisoned.

19 years ago, Sun was retrieved by her parents after only 8 hours of interrogation. And the case was closed afterwards. However, Tsinghua University refused to grant Sun her bachelor’s degree upon graduation, and she failed to obtain a passport or visa to go to the US for years until she changed both her name and her birthday to get a new ID.

More than just a cold case

Zhu Ling now

Sun, who is now rumored to live in the US, comes from a well-connected and powerful family. That’s party why the case received so much attention nationally both 19 years ago and now. Netizens suspected that Sun’s family played a key role in blocking investigation and prosecution of the case. Sun’s uncle Sun Fuling was deputy mayor of Beijing from 1983 to 1993 and Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, China’s major political advisory body. Sun’s grandfather Sun Yueqi, was a senior leader of the Revolutionary Committee of the China Kuomintang that now rules Taiwan, and also am important member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Most  importantly, rumor has it that Sun Yueqi was a good friend of Jiang Zemin, then China’s president, and has asked his old friend a little “favor.” Even at the end of his Baidu Wiki page, there highlighted that his family has used their influence to block police probe into Zhu’s case.

We probably will never know that whether Sun’s family used their power and influence. The only thing that matters to the entire discussion now is that most Chinese netizens believed so – they don’t believe Sun deserves the benefit of doubt in this case. The resolution of the case, in the minds of many netizens, will be a test of China’s rule of law, or the lack of it.

Like 谁是谁非任评说, Zhu’s lawyer and popular columnist, ccommented: “The most difficult part of the case is that Sun set up a standard. Numerous corrupt officals and those who are guilty hope that they can be exempt from punishment, too, by the same standard. They form a very close coalition.” Another netizen 读雨耕晴 also sighed: “What has prevented Zhu’s case to be solved? It all comes down to the powerful influence of Sun’s family. In the face of those in power, what else can us ordinary people do than to be an onlooker?”

Making waves on Weibo

Zhu Ling is now the second most searched word on Sina Weibo’s social keywords’ list (China’s Twitter). And Sun Wei the fifth. Grass-root Weibo celebrity 一毛不拔大 with more than 1 million followers is Zhu’s friend Bei Zhicheng who set up the SOS Usenet to help diagnose Zhu. A few posts of him mentioned Sun directly as the poisoner. Other hugely popular opinion leaders like Yao Chen or Kai-Fu Lee, both with millions of followers, also shared Zhu’s case analysis. Calls for a re-investigation are everywhere. 

Zhu Ling and Sun Wei are most searched words on Weibo

Even People’s Daily, the mouthpiece of the Chinese government, voiced support for a re-investigation: “Zhu Ling is 40 years old now, completely paralyzed, almost blind and with the intelligence of a 6-year-old. What exactly happened 19 years ago? Who was behind the poisoning? The biggest wish of Zhu’s family is to solve the case and disclose investigation results.” The Weibo post, to everyone but also no one’s surprise, was already deleted, or, censored by “a mysterious force”, like one netizen commented.

On the Weibo page of Ping An Beijing (literally “Peace Beijing”), the official account of Beijing police with some 4.8 million followers, calls to re-investigate Zhu’s case were left after every single post. Like one netizen 任恒营 commented: “I’m here to call for a re-investigation of Zhu Ling’s case every day. It’s to protect the dignity and fairness of law.” So far, no response of any sort.

Netizens on the move

Seeing the lack of official response, Chinese netizens, both in and outside of China, were mobilized. On Tianya, a dynamic online community where Chinese netizens share, discuss and debate about all kinds of news and gossip, Sun’s old posts in which she defended herself were dug out and analyzed word by word. Those from Huaren and MIT BBS, two most popular online communities for oversea Chinese, have worked for weeks to track down where Sun and the other two roommates are today (Sun and the other girl are said to live in the US now).

Rumored picture of Sun Wei now

So far, Sun’s new name, new ID number, home address and employer information are all disclosed online. So are the same information for the other two roommates of Zhu. The point is to use the power of “the people” to make life miserable for the “thallium party”, a term coined by netizens to refer to Sun, the other two roommates and those involved in the case.

Many netizens hope that their voices can be heard by someone powerful enough to challenge the influence of Sun’s family. By someone, netizens are looking at China’s new President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang. After all, Sun’s family is rumored to have close relationships with Jian Zemin, a lingering shadow over China’s political scene even 10 years after he handed over power. Like netizen 李佳佳Audrey  commented: “Many of China’s new leadership have a law background . I’d love to believe that such a leadership can work to improve the country’s rule of law, social equality and the protection of human rights. What is a Chinese dream? This is a Chinese dream.” The hope of another netizen 无名羊 was much simpler: “It seems true that Sun’s family has gradually lost its influence. May justice, however gained, be return to Zhu Ling.”

Will authorities re-open the case? Will new progress be possible for a 19-year-old case even if it’s re-opened? No one knows at this point. But China’s active online population are pushing things forwards, just like what they’ve been doing for other injustices happening in every corner of the country.

Relationship map of the “thallium party” put together by netizens

 

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[2013-04-29] Education For Life – a tragedy, not a story

Posted by woodinwind on April 29, 2013

这是CNN 的非官方报道。ireport 相当于维基新闻,大概可以翻译成草根新闻报道。

http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-965382

Education For Life – a tragedy, not a story
By jessiecai  |  Posted 2013-4-29 11:47am

21 years ago, in September 1992, Zhu Ling, a vivacious Beijing girl, started her college life in Tsinghua university, arguably the best University in China. Two and half years later, on April 28 1995, the girl was confirmed a victim of Thallium poisoning, lying in ICU ward unconsciously after suffering excruciating pains. She was the subject of a murder case. The date happens to be the official anniversary of Tsinghua university, an important day for all alumni to thank the institution for their education.

18 years have gone by and Zhu Ling is still alive, only barely. She became paralyzed completely with permanent nerve and digestive system damages. She is now a 40 years old blind woman with IQ equivalent to a 7 years’ old, her good looks, memories and talents are all gone. For more of Zhu Ling’s current situation, check out this YouTube video made by volunteers (http://youtu.be/nJEdupyI97c). Her parents have been fighting against all odds, hanging on the only hope that one day, the murderer will be brought to justice.

And it has turned out to be a group of murderers most likely. The email hacking of the primary suspect in year 2006 has provided an essential twist, in which she-who-cannot-be-named led the conversation with a group of girls, most of them shared the dorm with Zhu Ling back then. The conversation was about how to divert the public attention without leaving any evidence for Zhu Ling’s friends and family, in case some day they will have to face court. The girls exchanged action plans and even jokes, as if they were working on a final year project.

The primary suspect had the motive, the reach to the deadly chemical, the chance to drop the doze – for twice as confirmed by technical analyses, she was suspiciously involved in the theft of Zhu Ling’s personal belongings, and was summoned for police questioning in year 1997. The case against this primary suspect had been however mystically closed due to undisclosed reasons, while it is public knowledge that she came from a prestigious and powerful family, with strong political connections reaching to the members of politburo.

Year 2013, it was time again for Tsinghua-ers to celebrate the institution’s glory and achievements, little wonder that there is no place for Zhu Ling. Netizens however, has launched a frenzy propaganda: “the human flesh search”, to locate the group of suspects who have unveiled themselves in the hacked emails. Surprisingly Zhu was hated by this group for making the following unforgivable mistakes: returning dorm too late, making too much noise, and consuming hot water from other’s thermal flasks. The group had arguably then came to the decision of adding a special ingredient into Zhu’s education, Thallium.

For myself and many others about the same age of Zhu Ling, the cruelty of her fate is many folded: that young (and supposedly intelligent) girls could take other’s life so lightly, that they have refused to repine, that people involved – and there are quite a number of them – have all been muted by the “system”, that the omnipotent “system” has been backing up the accused murderers as if they were a group of heroes.

“Thank you all for not killing me” has since become the social norm to greet our ex-classmates over social media across mainland China. Unlike Zhu Ling, we have survived the education system. Together with her, we are calling for the re-opening of investigation, the date of judgment, the final truth. Until that day comes, never ever forget Zhu Ling.

Posted in 媒体报道 | Comments Off on [2013-04-29] Education For Life – a tragedy, not a story

[2013-4-27] 致清华和朱令案有关的铊们

Posted by woodinwind on April 27, 2013

这个文章肯定是物化2班同学写的,原文发在天涯,后被删,发帖人ID已不可考。原文链接也不可考。

致清华和朱令案有关的铊们

我可以用更温和的口吻,但胸中有一股郁积的愤懑难以平息。希望善良的读者能原谅我
的某些措辞。

先说老师:

薛芳渝,一个根本不配“为人师表”的小人。不说你那弱智的“讲一做二考三”,就你
那中文授课,英文板书的授课方式,把学生在课堂的注意力都分散了。你懂最基本的教
学规律吗?教书称不称职还是你的能力问题,但作为(副)系主任耍“两面三刀”无所
不用其极就是品德问题了。在朱令的这件事上,扪心自问,你真的“仁至义尽”了吗?
因为有了你和白广美等,薛钢孙维这一伙才会在物化二横行。朱令只是个突出的例子,
这些年有多少蓬勃少年的梦想在你的清华化学系折翼。我祈祷当你老去时,能有一丝对
这些莘莘学子的愧疚来挽救你那必将坠入无边黑暗的灵魂。

郁鉴源,你一辈子在清华混,也算是老油条了。你为何偏偏在课堂上向二字班提起那个
铊中毒的旧事?另外作为时任分析中心主任,药品管理不严的责任是不是也该算在你的
头上?

童爱军,算你运气不好,沾上这个晦气。但你老公当年借着与江主席握手的大好东风在
清华如日中天,你碰上了孙维也算是某种平衡吧。

再说主角们:

孙维,你割了双眼皮以后,整天戴个粉色的发夹到处放电的日子过去得很快啊!曾和你
一起进进出出的那个化工系的高个儿男生不知道在你的本子里算不算一任男友?从那些
年来看,你是个机灵人,会讨人喜欢,不召人讨厌。然而你小聪明太多,小动作也太多
,实在无法让人完全信任你。即便如此,起初我还是不愿相信你是凶手。后来我在网络
上看到了你,你都在做什么?在狡辩;在装可怜博同情;在攻击朱令家和贝志城;在召
集狐朋狗党谋划左右舆论;在改身份证件…… 其实你只要做过两件事就可以让我相信
你的无辜:一,在网上讲清楚你在公安局的八小时都发生了什么;二,讲清楚你所知道
的关于宿舍失窃的细节。然而现实是你机关算尽,难免不害了卿卿性命。你的心有多狠
,我真不敢猜,但我知道你口口声声的“正义”和多数人的理解不会完全一致。看现在
的你,再看朱令和她可怜的双亲,你以为你的眼泪能让多少人相信朱令家一直在迫害你?

金亚,你就是典型的“闷骚”,骚到几里外的人都要皱鼻子。在老图书馆,一边转笔,
一边读书的那个金亚,完全是一个朴实的假小子。但谁知道你那双看似无害的小圆眼睛
后面,是狭隘的心胸和睚眦必报的本性。朱令变“猪头”,你终于解恨了吧?事发后,
你对太多人表现出的警戒和敌意,让人莫名其妙的同时是不是已经暴露了你自己?难道
每个人都无意中得罪了你?

王琪,你当年可以装纯真,不知道现在有没有成功转型?真不知道你这样的彻头彻尾的
庸人是如何拿到了清华的博士。朱令笑你蠢,一点儿不冤枉你。你的“光辉”事迹,恐
怕多年后在清华的实验室里还没有学生能“超越”。不再做专业是你们夫妻的明智选择
,但我纳闷什么人敢把自己的钱交给你们来打理。算了,还是说当年吧。在物化二的散
伙儿宴上,孙维拉着潘峰的手哭得那么伤心,你有没有觉察到当时自己的表情?那一刻
你是不是已经意识到这辈子再也甩不掉那个瘟神。

李含琳,就凭你那瘪鼻梁,凸眼珠,还有满脸痘,也敢称仙女,那得有多少美女要恶心
死。当年你讨厌朱令,不是秘密,也不能说明你会害她。但凭你和薛钢唯我独尊自私自
利的本性,很难想象这世界上会有值得你们为之两肋插刀的朋友。多年来你们对孙维可
谓不遗余力,这只能说明你也有撇不清的干系。不明白你那个当年在鞍钢的老爸,如何
就给了你那么强的优越感和小姐脾气?你和朱令互称“土鳖”的时候,落差是不是大到
难以接受?

薛钢,你的鸡胸脯,包子脸,还有小兔牙,和李含琳这样的“仙女”真的是绝配。你在
清华的几年太顺利了,所以你才会以为现实里的人们都和物化二的同学一样任你愚弄,
以为你发个所谓多少点质疑加反驳就可以扭转舆情。凭心而论,在物化二班,论才,专
业成绩从徐冉,张启俭,陈忠周,童宇峰算起,你也就勉强凑个二流;论德,就算和同
为党员的张利比,你也差了不只几千里;论艺,物化二班能弹能唱能棋能画的人里都没
有你;论体,就你那小体格也就踢踢野球。可是你就能神奇地把自己“综合评估”成无
可匹敌的唯一精英。最初是老乡白广美帮你开荒造势,然后祁金利教你挑动同学内斗谋
统治,后来薛芳渝利用你操控物化二。他们都说清华就是要培养你这样的“爱国人才”
,所以你出国陪读一去不返真的是狠狠打了这些人的脸。在申请美国绿卡的时候,你和
共产党决裂的陈述公开出来,某些人的脸色一定更难看。如果你对美国政府撒了谎,那
这戏就更有趣了。其实从你贪婪地把手伸向所有可及的利益时,你猪八戒照镜子的表字
命运就已经注定了。借一句流行语“出来混,总是要还的。”回到朱令的案子上,你发
在网上的帖子中撒谎的地方还要我逐一指出吗?你这种永远代表“正义加正确”的人怎
么也在和童的通信中闪烁其词了?也许你没有直接参与投毒,但你怎么舍得不和你那“
仙女”老婆共进退?

潘峰,你和薛钢一样,也应该是被老婆拽进来的。当然,这也不是你第一次跟着薛老二
的屁股后面跑了。看到一些你在网上的发言,明显长进了,会充横放狠话了。但我还是
有点担心你那宜兴小男人的心脏能不能承担这所有的压强。说实话,你大多时候不招人
讨厌,也会讨巧,而且到了清华外面也能装个聪明人儿。但你自甘堕落,交下贱朋友,
娶“甲醇”老婆,套个龟壳就以为自己刀枪不入。唉!自己要出来耍丑,就别怪大家丢
臭鸡蛋。

高菲,是不是又当了一回傻大姐儿?别什么香的臭的都往跟前儿靠,还总想充大个儿,
小心水深得爬不出来。

所有人都打过了招呼,那就来说说投毒的事。

起因:你们都很烦朱令,她每天晚归,很少做值日,给同宿舍的每个人都带来很多不便
,更甚的是她总少不了在言语上让你们觉得被鄙视和奚落,连在京城里长大的孙也不能
幸免。你们在某一时间达成了共识:必须把朱令踢出114宿舍,而且要好好教训她一下。

前提:孙可以拿到铊,而且经过仔细观察后确信,在当时的管理条例下偷出少量固体是
绝对不可能被追查出来的。

实施:这要请你们来补充。

结果:朱令的中毒反应渐渐出现了,直到不得不停课回家。

至此,如果朱令能休学一年,李搬到孙金王的宿舍,那就是“皆大欢喜”的结局。其实
那样朱令也躲过了人生中的这一劫。

但偏偏朱令身体素质好,又年少,离开毒源后,健康状况逐渐转好,好胜的性格又让她
在几个月后回来了。这一变化出乎预料,但你们设的毒媒还在,所以决定保持观望。

本来就很虚弱的朱令,再次接触到毒媒,身体彻底崩溃了。

直到朱令家确定女儿是被投毒并向公安报案前,一切还都是平静的。虽然被学校吆喝着
轮流去医院照顾了几天朱令,你们很不情愿,但没有任何迹象表明你们的行径会被揭露
出来。此时毒媒也被你们处理掉,任何证据都不存在了。即便是案发后,因为有薛潘及
时传递消息,一切也都在你们的掌握之中。后来宿舍失窃“发生”了,实在是“完美”
中的遗憾。

基本情况就是这样了,不准确的地方欢迎当事人出来指正!

最后多说几句:“人在做,天在看。”如果没有“网络”这个东西,你们现在一定都在
享受着各自的幸福。“网络”救朱令不死,“网络”让她中毒前后触目惊心的照片唤起
无数善良人的同情和关心,“网络”逼迫你们不得不上演拙劣的自辩丑剧而露出马脚,
“网络”让如今的你们心神不宁。2006年,天涯等网站被禁声,你们躲过了一回。2013
你们还能侥幸吗?谁能保证不会有更猛烈的下一波,你们还能撑多久?放弃无谓的挣扎
,坦白吧。在聪明的人堆儿里,你们也就是二,三流的货色,不要幻想还能瞒天过海。
其实你们最大的弱点并不是你们的智商,而是你们受不得一丁点委屈。到头来,害人害
己,贻害无穷。

Posted in 物化2班 | Comments Off on [2013-4-27] 致清华和朱令案有关的铊们

司法审判不出面 民意审判不会停

Posted by woodinwind on April 23, 2013

司法审判不出面 民意审判不会停
 
王晓映 孟 旭

  社会话题

  19年前的清华女生朱令铊中毒案件近日再度发酵。

  事实上,19年来,但凡有关联因素,朱令案都会引起热议。这一次,朱令旧案因复旦大学室友投毒新案而被翻出,但因为有了微博这个空前开放的平台,民意审判规模比以往更大。以致复旦案这个“由头”因案件告破迅速成为舆论过客,朱令案的讨论却还在深入。

   全世界的刑事案件都不会100%侦破,公开资料显示,中国刑事案件侦破率在40%左右,世界排名不算低。为何朱令案能持续成为热点?综观此案,话题焦点 在于:案发顶级高校,作案手段阴毒,当年花样年华的被害人今昔对比悬殊令人扼腕,嫌疑人有高官背景并更名改姓出国,案件不了了之。

  由于 老案未结,真相扑朔迷离,一时间全民争做福尔摩斯。老资料在汇总,新证据也不断被发现。然而,此轮新翻出的证据显示,在被害人家属和公众眼中未结的案件, 官方已经在多年前宣布告结(不过这个结果并未通报被害人家属),大概也正是因为这个原因,尽管民意审判人声喧嚣,司法审判却始终缺位,万众期待的法官位置 空无一人。

  民意审判一直将矛头对准一个嫌疑人——朱令的室友孙某。但是,民意审判不能代替法律。对于这桩热点案件,现实的情形是,司法 审判若不出面,民意审判不会停止。民意审判没有法律效应,不能抓人,却有不可忽视的爆炸当量。在倡导和谐社会建设、提高社会管理能力的中国,无论是司法机 关还是党政人大政协各相关部门都不应保持长时间的沉默。司法审判缺席越久,民意审判的蓄发能量越大,这能量可能会毁掉很多东西。

  它可能 毁掉民众对司法公正的信任。当年朱令案已经受到司法立案追究,所以此案不受20年追诉时效限制,因此,警方不应放弃调查这起投毒案。哪怕程序上已结案,亦 可重启。不予理睬,不仅对受害者和“嫌疑人”不公平,也拉低了整个社会对司法的信任。它可能毁掉民众对社会公正的信念。朱令案在民意审判中,成为道德热点 的晾晒台,嫌疑人是因为高官背景而被保护吗?案件是因高官干预而不了了之吗?真相如此吗?只有司法出场,才能真正让清者自清。

  阳光何时驱散暗黑?民意期待司法就位。

Posted in 法律探讨 | 1 Comment »

[2013-04-23] 孙维,你的救赎何时到来? —-通过孙维等信件看作案动机及团体心理支撑

Posted by woodinwind on April 23, 2013

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_725a6d9b01019cnq.html

@李佳佳Audrey@一毛不拔大师@巫昂@九州处处奔雷@哈佛微博协会@姚晨@面相与命运。首先,我承认,副标题里的“作案”有越俎代庖及有罪推论之嫌,但一是公安太怂,二是假设我分析的信件都是真实的,做出孙维等是罪犯的推理也顺理成章。我不想做网络暴民,但同时也以为自己的智商还算正常,这里恕我先入为主了。

因为网络上不难找到孙维等的通信材料,我核对过手中的版本(见此贴下文《孙维等通信材料整理版》),认为是可信的(如当做法律上的证据,这要公安对黑客 “追铊”手中的源材料做数据分析,这是后话)。我也会在这个帖子后把我手上整理后的材料贴出来,下文引用过的例句我会标红,如果有读者发现是伪造或改动过 的,我收回我的结论。

在公布的往来信件中,我选择了200512月至20061月份孙维与李含琳、金亚、王琪、高菲四人的来往邮件,大部分为英文。选择这段时间是因为孙维等交流频繁,且是酝酿《孙维声明》的主要时间。

由于材料是信件格式,风格较随意且因人而异,不便也没有必要做整体的文体分析。我主要摘抄其中的句子作为我分析的例证,所有的例句均由我自己翻译。

宏观上来说,这些邮件暴露出的一个主要问题是:她们自始至终都没有谈到凶手是谁,也就是说她们不关心凶手的身份,而在忙着讨论合作抵御网络指责和压力。可以说,傻子都能感觉到他们不是局外人,而是知情者。

这一点在20051221日孙维的信中可以看出,孙维草拟好《声明》后,给其他四位发邮件要求修改:并说:“如果你们有时间,请帮我从旁观者的角度来修改它。”(If you have time, pls help to review it from an outsider point of view)。这句话明确了假设的潜在逻辑:我们都是知情者。随后,《孙维声明》1230日在天涯刊出。

我主要关心的问题有以下三个:

1)在这个团队中,孙维发挥了怎样的角色?我们可以从语言里发现一些端倪:在李含琳对孙维写的信中,不止一次称呼孙维是孙小猪(Sun Xiaozhu),在对其他同学的称呼里,则不时出现“小猪们”(piglets)这个词,这个称呼得到了其他成员的认可。如果把小猪这个词当做集体隐喻的话,孙维,作为命名者,以其强势性的角色占据了团队的核心位置,且在随后的组织工作中一直作为统领的身份出现。如在2006114日孙维写给其他人的信中,她说:“你们要冷静下来!抱歉我让你们都出名了” Keep calm, keep cool! I actually feel very sorry that it bring you all “famous”Bring 一词具有明确的引导感,也表明了孙维在整个事件中的主导作用。

因为往来都是私人信件,戒备之心也松懈些,不时可以看出孙维内心的潜意识活动。如在2006114日孙维的信中,孙维评价网络上出现假冒李含琳的帖子时,说到:“这个帖子已经在暗示如果我(孙维)是凶手的话,这些年我一定饱受折磨。因此,放过我吧”(Here it already started to imply that if I am the murderer, i must have already suffered these years, so let me go.)在英文表述中,她的谓语用了am,而不是虚拟语气were。我们知道虚拟语气的效果在于明确事件没有发生,这里的am,在后面又出现了一次,可以理解为孙维在行文中潜意识已经有了与凶手的身份认同感。

2)这个团队是如何维系在一起的?犯罪团体往往因利益相关,一荣俱荣,一损俱损,所以具有极强的凝聚力。这种凝聚力在孙维的信件中得到了核实,她们的关系确实不错。20051223日孙维的信件中,孙维说:“当然,你们都是我最最好的朋友,一辈子的朋友。”(Of cause you all are my BEST friends, lifetime friends)。犯罪团体在面对外界压力时,会有本能的凝聚力。在描述网络上的声讨之声时,金亚20051218日的信中说:“他们在匿名发言时,竟然如此卑劣、恶心,不负责任。” People can be really mean, disgusting and irresponsible when they can speak anonymously.)在孙维的信中,对于质疑她的人,她多处用“肮脏的”(dirty)一词修饰,以明确自身的反抗立场,并取得其他成员的认同。

另外,孙维作为领导者,会不时鼓励、肯定,培养团体的自我认同感,同时,她努力给其他人以安全感,并明确说:“我的家庭在控制着大局”(My family is monitoring.)让她们对外界的压力有积极心态及抵抗能力。比如2006129日,金亚在给其他人的信中写别人搜到了她的照片,并提及孙维的“满脸横肉”,在回信中,孙维也以调侃的语气回复这个说法,可以说,这个团队消化外界压力能力很强,并有良好的心理调节机制,其中孙维功不可没。

但是,孙维的内心并非一直如此冷静、强大,在压力剧增的时候,她也曾反省过,并对把她们四人拖下水感到过内疚。在给李含琳的信中,她说“我非常非常抱歉把你们卷进了这个肮脏的事件中,尤其是你们为了支持我,犯下了这些事。我不知道该说什么。。。。我真的非常非常抱歉!”(I’m very very sorry and sad to get you involved in this dirty thing, especially that you all did it just to support me 😦 I don’t know what to say… I’m really very very sorry!)。可以说,孙维的心理和正常人一样,有过悔恨、彷徨、难过和自责,她无法真正做到“笑骂由人”那般洒脱。

另一方面,正是因为她独自承担的这些压力,让其他四位有了愧疚感和感激之情,这在外界的压力促进下进一步加强了团体的凝聚力。李含琳在读完孙维第一稿《声 明》后,回信:“作为你的密友,当我读完你的声明后,我感到羞愧,我不知道你都经历了什么。如果我是你的话,我早就崩溃了。我真的为你感到骄傲”(As a close friend of yours (I assumed), I feel so ashamed when I read your clarification, I had no idea what you have been through. If I were in your shoes, I may be collapsed already. I am really proud of you,)李含琳一方面明了事件的性质,所以用了“魔鬼”一词,另外,孙维的牺牲也让她有合作的向心力。在这个时候,合作是唯一的选择,何况孙维还如此仗义。正义观和负罪感在这里被生存本能和感激之心战胜,这也是其他几个人能形成如此合力的主要原因。

3)孙维的作案动机?她是如何进行后期心理调节的?

按照信件中讨论的内容分析,朱令多次晚归,打扰寝室休息,加上性格不合,引起孙维等人的嫉妒之心。这让孙维有了报复的念头。在首次投毒未果后,孙维开始了 第二次投毒,事后,李含琳曾向孙维询问朱令中毒时铊的量有多大,“朱令血液中的含量有多少?我在尝试弄清她的中毒是急性的还是致命的”(What was the dose in Zhu Ling’s blood again? I am trying to figure out again if it is acute toxic limit or lethal.)孙维在2006119日的回信中说:“关于你的问题,按照媒体的说法,是致命的,我指朱令血液中的含量”(Back to your question, according to media, it’s lethal, I mean dose in ZL’s blood. )按照这个措辞判断,孙维一开始可能没想到要朱令的命,她只不过想再次教训下朱令,所以加大了剂量,但自己当时并没有索命的意图,满脑都是报复的快感。
  案件公开后,20051223日, 孙维的心理压力巨大,她应该是承受了很多的质疑、指责和谩骂。她在给其他四人的信中是如此描述的:“无论如何,不管发生什么,我都不断对自己说:‘我不是 世界上最可怜的人,我永远不会被打垮。有太多的人比我过得要苦难得多。因此我现在经历的都不算什么。例如,朱令的家庭更可怜,他们受的苦要多得多。’(Anyway, no matter what happens, I always repeat to myself, that I am not the poorest person in world and I will never be knocked down. There are too many examples that people sufferied much much more that I do. So what I’m now experiencing is nothing. For example, Zhu Ling’s family is more poorer, and they sufferred much much more.

看完这句话,真感到齿冷啊。孙维的心理调节与她的作案动机是一致的。因嫉妒而起加害之心,并在后期用朱令做对比,来调节和缓解自己的心理压力。这一切,都是源于孙维强大的自我意识,还有她自认为为了其他四个人做出的伟大的自我牺牲。2006112日孙维的信中进一步提到:“他们越想折磨我,我就越要过得好,更好地享受生活”(The more they want to torture me, I more I will live better and enjoy more about life!)所以,指望孙维自我忏悔,夜不能寐的朋友们,你们可以醒醒了。同时,她对重新升温的网络压力倍加关注,这几天,她在天涯开始频繁登陆发言,我也确定,她在新浪微博上也在关注着这一切。

快二十年了,到了这个份上,对于孙维等人,只有死扛下去了,她们在苦苦支撑。

写了这么多,我现在也不知道说什么了,手有点发抖。这个案件里,我们看到了太多人性中的阴暗。

借用一句话:让牺牲成为我的救赎,让黑暗成为我的光” 。孙维,你的救赎何时到来?

Posted in 网友分析 | Comments Off on [2013-04-23] 孙维,你的救赎何时到来? —-通过孙维等信件看作案动机及团体心理支撑